1.5.3 By the end of first grade, students will develop an
understanding of the changes in the earth and sky.
4.2.1 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop the abilities needed to
do scientific inquiry.
4.5.2 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of
objects in the sky.
4.5.3 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the
changes in the earth and sky.
8.5.3 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of the
earth in the solar system.
to recognize and describe the patterns of
the Moon's phases.
to generate a birthday moon for
student birth date this year and the previous year using given web
to classify birthday moon
to predict moon phase for next year's birthday
(click on linked for printable worksheets)
I. Springboard: Ask students to write a feeling they have experienced
regarding the moon.
Ask students to recall stories they may have
heard or read about the moon.
Read aloud Owl Moon.
Introduce the word phases.
Distribute Moon Phases diagram and discuss
that the moon does not always look the same.
Ask students what they think the moon looked like on their birthdays.
Instruct students to:
- Go to
to find out what the Moon looked like
or will look like on your birthday this year.
what the Moon looked like on your birthday this year and last
- Place the pictures for this year's birthday
moons on the Moon Graph.
T: Ask the following
- How many pictures are
in each phase?
- Which phase has
the most pictures?
- Which phase has
the least pictures?
- Which phase
contains (student name)'s picture?
you put any pictures in a different category (phase)? If yes, why?
Find what the Moon looked
like on the day you were born. Draw
a picture of it.
Do you think that the Moon will look
the same on your birthday next year? Why or why not?
Draw a picture about what
the Moon will look like on your birthday next year. Tell the class why you chose
to draw the Moon this way.
* Go back to the web site
and determine if your predictions were correct.
If time and technology is available, have
students look at many birthday moons for different years to make more pattern
comparisons and predictions. Start with how the Moon looked on the day
they were born. The pictures and graphs created should be compared to show
that the Moon will be different on their birthdays every year. Some of the
questions above could be used.
Place pictures of moon phases on a blank
calendar for the current month. Look
at the pictures and determine how many pictures are in each phase. Which have the most pictures? Which have the least?
II. Distribute moon phases cut and paste
pages. Instruct students to place the moon phase pictures in the
correct box on the paste page.
Students predict what the moon will look like tomorrow, next week, a year
Students accurately predict what the moon will like on their next
Students correctly place pictures of moon
phases by titles on cut-and-paste activity.
Merryellen Towey Schulz
College of Saint Mary
Teaching Natural/Social Sciences